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Some Native Plants

The ideal design is to have a canopy of trees, sub canopy trees, shrubs or an herbaceous layer and a ground cover. Vines would be mixed in with the other plants. Canopy trees are the most difficult to acquire (need much time) but many shrubs will grow quickly and be a close replacement. Different species of birds favor different layers of plants. For example, thrushes will come to a habitat that has dense low shrubs and a leaf layer. As the native habitat develops, different species will begin to show up.

The images below are intended to illustrate a variety of Natives- certainly not all.

A Grouping or Design Example

Photos: Debbie Roos, NC Cooperative Extension

Common Canopy Trees

1) Live Oak Quercus virginiana  2) Loblolly  Pinus taeda

Some Sub-Canopy Trees/Shrubs
1) Flowering Dogwood  Cornus florida  2) Red Buckeye Aesculus pavia  3) Oakleaf Hydrangea ßHydrangea quercifolia

Herbaceous Layer
1) Spigelia Spigelia marilandica  2) Golden St. Johnswort Hypericum frondosum 
  3) Texas Star Hibicus Hibicus coccineus

1) Virginia Creeper  Parthenocissus quinquefolia  2) Coral Honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens
  3) Black Eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta

1) Stokes Aster Stokesial laevis  2) Marsh Clematis Clematis crispa

Some suggested books

• "Gardening with Native Plants of the South", Sally Wasowski
• "Gardening with Native Wild Flowers", Samuel B. Jones, Jr and Leonard E. Foote
• "Growing & Propagating Showy Native Woody Plants", Richard E. Bir
• "Growing and Propagating Wild Flowers", Harry R. Phillips

Some thoughts from Bald Head Island

Continue to Some Common Invasives